Dental caries is a disease which damages the tissues of teeth.
Tooth decay is caused by certain types of bacteria, above all Strepotococcus mutans and others. The poor oral hygiene enables the bacteria to collect on the surface on the teeth in a whitish sticky mass called plaque, which is formed by remnants of food and microorganisms.
The bacteria that live on dental plaque (especially Streptococcus mutans) ferment the sugar and starchy-food debris and produce organic acids that further destroy the tooth. The tooth enamel and dentin weakened by the demineralization decompose and the dental carries occurs (hole, cavity, opening with uneven margins).
Tooth decay can cause not only pain but also tooth sensitivity to sweet, sour, warm or cold components of food. Tooth decay is different from other disorders and considering his not directly life-threatening nature, it is sometimes neglected by the affected individual who puts the visit at the dentist's off.
Tooth decay may be prevented by removing microorganisms and dental plaque from the surface of the teeth by brushing the teeth and by increasing of general immune defence of the organism.
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